New Delhi: Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH) is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme implemented from 2014-15 for the holistic development of horticulture in the country, covering fruits, vegetables, root, and tuber crops, mushrooms, spices, flowers, aromatic plants, coconut, cashews and cocoa. All States/UTs are covered under MIDH.
Under MIDH, financial & technical assistance is provided to States/UTs for the following major interventions/activities:
- Setting up of nurseries, and tissue culture units for production of quality seed and planting material.
- Area expansion i.e. Establishment of new orchards and gardens for fruits, vegetables, and flowers.
- Rejuvenation of unproductive, old, and senile orchards.
- Protected cultivation, i.e. poly-house, green-house, etc, to improve productivity & grow off-season high-value vegetables and flowers.
- Organic farming and certification.
- Creation of water resources structures and watershed management.
- Bee-keeping for pollination.
- Horticulture Mechanization.
- Creation of Post Harvest Management and Marketing infrastructure.
- Training of farmers.
The mission is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme being implemented through State Governments, where the subsidy is shared between the Central Government and State Governments in the ratio of 60:40 in all the states other than North Eastern and Himalayan states, where the pattern of assistance is shared in the ratio of 90:10. Hence, the active support of State Governments is paramount for the success of Mission. Under the Mission, funds are released to the State Horticulture Missions (SHMs) through State Finance Department/ Treasury. Many SHMs have told about the considerable delay in receipt of funds released under the Scheme from the State Finance Department/ State Treasury.
State-wise details of a number of farmers trained under MIDH since inception i.e. from 2014-15 to 2021-22 is as under:
|S. No.||State||Number of farmers trained|
|1||Andaman & Nicobar||151|
|24||Jammu and Kashmir||17217|