New Delhi: Centrally sponsored scheme Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) was launched during the year 2015-16, with an aim to enhance physical access to water on farms and expand cultivable area under assured irrigation, improve on-farm water use efficiency, introduce sustainable water conservation practices, etc.
PMKSY is an umbrella scheme, consisting, inter alia, of two major components being implemented by the Ministry of Jal Shakti, namely, the Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP), and Har Khet Ko Pani (HKKP). HKKP, in turn, consists of four sub-components: Command Area Development & Water Management (CAD&WM), Surface Minor Irrigation (SMI), Repair, Renovation and Restoration (RRR) of Water Bodies, and Ground Water (GW) Development. However, the GW Development component was provisionally approved till March 2022 only.
In addition, PMKSY has a Watershed Development (WD) component which is implemented by the Department of Land Resources. Further, during the period 2015-22, Per Drop More Crop (PDMC) component was also implemented under PMKSY by the Department of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.
The scheme of PMKSY, except for Ground Water and Per Drop More Crop components, has been approved by the Government of India for the period 2021-22 to 2025-26, with the following targets:
i. AIBP including CAD&WM: Completion of 60 ongoing AIBP, 85 ongoing CAD&WM major/ medium projects, and inclusion of more projects for funding under AIBP. In addition, funding for two National projects, namely Lakhwar and Renuka projects, has also been approved. The creation of 13.88 lakh hectare irrigation potential under AIBP and 30.23 lakh cultivable command area coverage under CAD&WM has been envisaged during 2021-22 to 2025-26.
ii. PMKSY-HKKP: Creation of 3.7 lakh hectares of irrigation potential, and taking up new projects to create 0.8 lakh hectares of irrigation potential for coverage through surface minor irrigation and repair, renovation, and restoration of water bodies, has been approved for the period 2021-22 to 2025-26. In addition, the implementation of the groundwater component has been provisionally approved for 2021-22 only. The targeted benefit underground water component was 82,290-hectare irrigation.
iii. PMKSY-WD: Completion of sanctioned projects covering 49.5 lakh hectare rainfed/ degraded lands under watershed development component of PMKSY, along with 2.5 lakh hectare additional area to be brought under protective irrigation, has been approved for implementation during 2021-22 to 2025-26.
Further, achievement in various components of PMKSY since its launch in the year 2015-16, is given below:
|Sl. No.||Component of PMKSY||Achievement during 2016-22|
||Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme||New irrigation potential of 24.35 lakh hectares|
||Command Area Development & Water Management||Covering of cultivable command area of 16.42 lakh hectare|
||Har Khet Ko Pani- Surface Minor Irrigation||Irrigation potential of 2.58 lakh hectares created|
||Har Khet Ko Pani- Repair, Renovation, and Restoration of water bodies||Irrigation potential of 0.84 lakh hectares created|
||Har Khet Ko Pani- Ground Water||Command of 69,378 hectares irrigated by groundwater.|
||Per Drop More Crop||61.72 lakh hectare has been covered under micro irrigation|
||Watershed Development||14.54 lakh hectares of the additional area have been brought under protective irrigation|
State Governments are mandated to monitor from time to time, the projects being implemented by them under PMKSY. During the monitoring, physical and financial progress vis-à-vis the targets is to be reviewed. Further, quality aspects of the implementation are also being monitored by the State Governments.
In addition, the projects being implemented under the scheme are also regularly monitored by Central Water Commission, as well as by the Ministry of Jal Shakti.